is a natural defensive site, with its roots going back to prehistory.
The name Roquetaillade means " carved out of rock "
and indeed the grottoes beneath the site were home to troglodyte
man. In case of attack they took refuge on the motte. The first
earth and timber fortifications were certainly constructed by
Charlemagne as he advanced towards the Pyrenees, and then over
the years they were replaced by stone fortifications and the
old castle come into existence ( 11 th century ). It continued
to be extended up until early 14 th century.
In 1306 Cardinal
de la Motte received permission from King Edward 1st of England
to build a new castle. For this, we must thank his uncle, Pope
Clement V. first French pope in Avignon. Clement V's political
power was vast and extended as a far as Oxford. What we see today
is a unique example of feudal architecture, that is to say two
fortresses within the same castle walls. Roquetaillade has been
home of the same family since its origins.